What is MPLS based VPN?

Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) based VPNs are a type of virtual private network (VPN) that uses MPLS labels to transport data. MPLS is a way to forward packets through a network without the need for traditional IP routing. By using MPLS, data packets can be given a label and forwarded through the network without having to look up their destination IP address at each hop along the way. This can provide significant performance improvements over traditional IP-based VPNs.

MPLS-based VPNs typically use a combination of Layer 2 and Layer 3 technologies to provide traffic separation and routing sequencing. The Layer 2 portion of the VPN provides functions such as path selection, tunneling, link aggregation, and Quality of Service (QoS). The Layer 3 portion handles customer route advertisement, address resolution, and other control plane duties.

MPLS-based VPNs offer many advantages over traditional IP-based VPNs, including:

Improved Performance: MPLS greatly reduces CPU overhead and packet processing time by eliminating the need to perform per-packet routing lookups. This can result in improved latency and jitter characteristics for real-time applications such as VoIP.
Addressing Scalability: In an MPLS-based VPN environment, each customer is only assigned a single unique label per VRF rather than a unique address per site like in an IP-based VPN. This drastically reduces the amount of address space required which makes it much easier to scale an MPLS-based VPN as compared to an IP-basedVPN1。

Ease of Provisioning: With an MPLS-basedVPN , new sites can be brought online simply by adding themto an existing VRFrather than provisioning entirely new addressingand routing infrastructure as would be required withan . also significantlyreduces configuration complexity since all that is requiredis advertise the new site’s routes into the appropriateVRF ;no static or default routes needbe configured。

省去配置新的地址和路由基础设施所需的时间:使用MPLS – basedVPN,只需将新站点的路由广播到适当的VRF中即可将其添加到现有VRF中;不需要配置静态或者特定的路由。这样大大减少了配置复杂度。

QoS Functionality: Since MPLS supports both intrinsic available withLayer2 technologies suchas Ethernetand , itcan be usedto provide end – to – end Qualityof Service(QoS) guarantees for voiceand video traffic traversingthe . 能够支持两个不同协议(也就是说一个是传统的IP方式,一个是通过label实现快速传输数据包并存储在frame里以UDP方式表征)。因此就具备了对整条vpn连接上行、下行数据流量都能进行监测、分析而不必依赖于TCP/IP 协议栈sniffer工具了。

An MPLS firewall is a device that helps to protect your network from external threats. It does this by blocking incoming packets that are not part of an MPLS session. An MPLS firewall can also be used to limit the amount of traffic that is allowed into and out of your network.

Worth knowing

MPLS LSP Traceroute is a process that uses Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) echo request and reply packets to validate a label switched path (LSP). The echo request and echo reply are User Datagram Protocol (UDP) packets with source and destination ports set to 3503.

Worth knowing

If you’re a business owner, you know that having a secure network is essential. That’s why many businesses use Cisco routers with route-based VPNs. Route-based VPNs are more secure than other types of VPNs because they encrypt all traffic between the router and the destination, not just certain types of traffic. This makes it difficult for someone to intercept and read your data. Cisco routers are also easy to set up and configure, so you can get your VPN up and running quickly.

Worth knowing

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